Competition (com petere)
A fundamental belief among those who promote the Capitalist Economic Model is that “competition” is an essential element for a successful economic system. More specifically, the belief is that “without competition, people and companies will not have sufficient incentive to work hard and well.” While the Capitalist Economic Model’s emphasis on the “profit motive” stems from belief in a negative and incomplete view of Human Nature, its emphasis on “competition” stems from a perverted understanding of what the word “competition” truly means. This misunderstanding of human nature and the true meaning of competition are two main reasons why people mistakenly believe that capitalism is the “best and only realistic economic model for humankind.”
It is true that “competition,” properly understood and properly practiced, can be a good thing, at least in sports, and is one way to add excitement, fun, and bring out the best in people as they seek to improve themselves, individually and collectively. However, the key and the difficulty is the proper understanding and proper practice of competition—because competition, improperly understood and improperly practiced, is usually not a good thing and tends to bring out the worst in people.
So, what is the “proper understanding” of competition, and how is it “properly practiced?”
By definition, “competition,” contrary to popular belief, is not bout “beating others,” or “being better than others,” or “being the best.” It is not even about “winning” or “losing,” and it certainly is not about “defeating.”
The word “competition” comes from the two Latin words “com” and “petere.” Petere means “to seek,” and “com” means “with,” “together,” or “in association.” So, the word “competition,” accurately understood, and by definition, means “to seek together,” or “to seek (new heights) together.”
Thus, “competition” is simply one means by which people can work together (collaborate) to create an atmosphere and a spirit that will encourage and help all participants to reach new heights of accomplishment (do their best), and to enjoy the process of doing so. It is about all helping each other, so that all can get better (and/or have fun), both as individuals and as a group.
The highest purpose of competition is not to determine who is “better,” but, rather, to create a process and an atmosphere that will help all participants answer The Question: “How good can we become” (whether it is playing a sport, striving for excellence in the provision of a public service, or whatever), both individually and as a group, if we all dare to commit ourselves to the following kinds of Practice Principles:
- Work hard and try hard—though not beyond a healthy extent.
- Be disciplined—not only in work habits, but also in behavior towards each other.
- Genuinely encourage and help each other. Sincerely hope for others to get better.
- Create high spirit and a fun atmosphere for each other (even including “trash talk” in fun, if desired).
In order for competition to succeed in the serving of its highest purpose, the process of answering “The Question” must be held to be much more important than the answer itself. That is, success is measured not by the actual answer, but by the extent to which (and the manner in which) The Question is answered (which requires adherence to and execution of the kinds of practice principles mentioned above).
To illustrate the proper understanding and practice of competition, let us consider a swim team that is engaged in competition with other swim teams. The purpose of swim competition is to help all participants answer the above-stated Question (“How good can we become, individually and collectively, if we dare to commit ourselves to the above-stated Practice principles)? If all members of each team commit themselves to answering The Question (and, thereby, commit themselves to the Practice principles), and if they all try their very best to do so, then the final standings for a given team or a given individual, though very interesting, are actually beside the point. Even the team that finishes last, even the swimmer who turns out to be the slowest, succeeds marvelously (“wins”), because each dared to do what was necessary to answer The Question, each arrived at the answer, and each benefitted from the process. And, competition (properly understood and properly practiced) simply facilitated (and added important fun, excitement, and motivation to) the process of answering The Question.
Although the answer, itself, is often very exciting for some (e.g. those for whom the answer indicates exceptional talent), the answer for many may feel disappointing. That is why it is so important that all participants recognize that it is the process that is most important, not the final standings. Answering The Question is more important than what the answer turns out to be. The performances of those for whom the answer turns out to be “first” or “best” deserve to be marveled at and appreciated for the extraordinary talent those performances reflect, but doing what is necessary to answer The Question (which is truly the hard part, particularly for those with less talent or fewer other advantages) should be admired and celebrated the most.
Besides, one of the purposes of answering The Question is to find out the truth. If a person’s truth turns out to be that they have limited talent, that truth is worth knowing, and even more importantly, worth knowing how to accept in a healthy way. An important part of life is learning who we are, what our limitations are, and how to accept who we are in the most healthy way.
It is worth emphasizing the importance of genuinely and sincerely encouraging, helping, and hoping for others to get better. A symptom of competition being poorly understood and poorly practiced is a lack of such genuine caring among participants. Good rules are: “thou shalt genuinely hope for others to get better, and thou shalt help them to do so; thou shalt not covet others’ answers to The Question; thou shalt not flaunt one’s own answer; thou shalt show equal respect to all those who have dared to properly answer The Question, regardless of what their answers turned out to be.”
Genuinely and sincerely encouraging the success of others can be one of the most difficult aspects of properly practicing competition. Psychologically, it is hard not to covet the success of another, particularly if one’s own talents and accomplishments feel diminished in comparison. We all need help with these feelings. The secret is for all to properly understand the true meaning, purpose, value, and fun of competition. That understanding will, then, help each person to practice competition properly. Without all participants understanding and practicing competition properly, it is more difficult for an individual to practice it properly.
Indeed, a major purpose of engaging youth in sports competition is to teach them the proper understanding and practice of competition. When done properly, competition helps the youth to establish the habit of “wanting to answer The Question,” and teaches them how to properly go about doing it. Perhaps most importantly, participants learn how to deal with the answers they find, in a healthy way. No matter what the answers turn out to be, participants learn their strengths, weaknesses, what they need to work on, and they can take great pride in and draw strength from the fact that they dared to ask and properly answer The Question. They worked hard, had fun, got better, and learned how to be an emotionally healthy team player.
As the above reveals, a proper understanding and the proper practice of competition are not easy. Philosophically and psychologically, a proper understanding of competition is difficult to grasp, and the behavioral and emotional goals of its practice are even more difficult to achieve. Competition is a sophisticated concept and is fraught with pitfalls and emotional challenges, even when it is properly understood and properly practiced. The proper practice of competition represents an ideal that is barely realistic in the healthiest imaginable culture and is totally unrealistic in an unhealthy culture. When competition is poorly understood and poorly practiced, it tends to do great harm to all concerned—this includes harm to those who are trying to practice competition properly.
Now, to what extent does the concept of “competition” practiced and promoted in the Capitalist Economy resemble the concept just discussed? Have practitioners of current global capitalism been demonstrating a proper understanding and proper practice of competition? Do businesses in the same industry enthusiastically and collaboratively “seek new heights together” with their “competitors?” Do businesses that “are in competition with one another” strive to genuinely and sincerely encourage, help, and hope for their fellow competitors to reach their maximum potentials? Do businesses and their boards of directors think the process of trying to be the best they can be is more important than the final standings? Do businesses try to avoid focusing attention on their own success? Do they try not to covet the position of more successful businesses? Do they avoid diminishing the accomplishments of others? Is the goal, truly, that all become better?
Or, has the Capitalist Economy been practicing a perverted, cut-throat version of competition? Does the “competition” promoted and practiced in the Capitalist Economy seem to be all about “winning,” “defeating,” “beating others,” “being better than others,” being #1,” scheming to dominate the market (at the expense of others and by any means necessary), boasting about “being best” (even when it is not true), and hoping that the competition will somehow fail, even purposefully making moves to impair or discourage the competition.
It appears as though proponents and apologists for the Capitaist Economic Model have grossly misunderstood the true meaning and purpose of “competition,” and are espousing and practicing an unhealthy, perverted, vulgar version of it—a version that tends to bring out the worst in people. Worse, with this economic model, the success of a business, realistically, depends on how well it executes this twisted, perversion of competition. Under this model, how long would a CEO last if he/she were to insist that the company genuinely (i.e. not as a public relations ploy) encourage, help, and hope for its competitors to reach their fullest potential, versus a CEO that insists that the company aggressively seek full domination of the market at the expense of the competition?
Do we really want an economic system that promotes and depends upon such a perverted, vulgar, unhealthy, and incorrect understanding and practice of competition? Is that the best we can do? Isn’t it possible to develop an economic system that promotes only the healthiest understanding and healthiest practice of competition? Is it even necessary to inject properly understood and properly practiced competition into economic activity, at all—particularly considering how difficult its proper practice is, how many pitfalls it involves, and how idealistic it is to expect people to practice it properly, especially in our current culture? Is it best to limit competition to the realms of sports and games and leave competition out of economic activity?
Couldn’t we develop an economic system that says, in essence, “These are the needs. Let’s all work together to see how well we can meet them.” Historically, that is exactly what the Academic Pediatrician Economic Model” has done, for many decades. Academic pediatricians have not needed or desired the perverted version of competition promoted by the Capitalist Economic Model. Academic pediatricians have not even needed or desired the injection of a properly understood and properly practiced form of competition into their work. They have wisely concluded that the idealistic benefits of injecting properly practiced competition into their work are greatly outweighed by the realistic pitfalls involved. The only sense in which Academic Pediatricians have participated in competition has been to “compete against the diseases of childhood”—and in this sense, they have sought new heights together—com petere.